Marc Prensky coined the terms digital natives and digital immigrants and how the distinction between the two will become less relevant in the coming years. “Natives” are those who grew up immersed in technology, referring to the younger generation, whereas “Immigrants” are the older generation who struggle to adapt to the network age as if “learning a new language“.
These terms have become frankly outdated, and David White claims this sets a dangerous precedent that the younger generation didn’t have to be taught how to use technology in ways other than checking your social media feed. Hence, the idea of Digital Residents and Digital Visitors was brought about to reflect more on how an individual engages with the internet and for what purpose.
But what exactly are Digital Residents and Visitors? And which one do you fall into? The following video provides a brief explanation between the two:
Visitors use the internet purely for a specific purpose when they need it, but they don’t dwell there longer than necessary.
Residents, however, live a portion of their lives on the Internet and tend to have online personas which they regularly maintain.
Personally I use the Web for maintaining my Youtube channel, engaging with online communities and sharing ideas and information with those I have connected with. Putting these into the self-test I discovered myself to be more a Digital Resident, however this test wasn’t very descriptive of what exactly I do online. Therefore, to illustrate this I created a map using David White’s mapping tool:
I use the Internet for personal reasons and depending on the platform, I’m more a resident on some as opposed to other platforms such as LinkedIn and Skype. Hopefully in this module I can learn more about managing my online profile on more institutional applications.
Word Count: 300
Prensky, M. (2001). Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Part 1. On the Horizon, 9(5), pp.1-6.
White, D. (2018). Visitors and Residents. [online] YouTube. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sPOG3iThmRI&t=21s [Accessed 11 Feb. 2018].
White, D. and Le Cornu, A. (2011). Visitors and Residents: A new typology for online engagement. First Monday, [online] 16(9). Available at: http://firstmonday.org/article/view/3171/3049%20https://comminfo.rutgers.edu/~tefko/Courses/Zadar/Readings/Selwyn%20dig%20natives,%20Aslib%20Proceedings%202009.pdf [Accessed 10 Feb. 2018].
White, D. (n.d.). Not ‘Natives’ & ‘Immigrants’ but ‘Visitors’ & ‘Residents’. [Blog] Tall Blog. Available at: http://tallblog.conted.ox.ac.uk/index.php/2008/07/23/not-natives-immigrants-but-visitors-residents/ [Accessed 10 Feb. 2018].